Cappadocia is a very large region of valleys, villages and towns. The reason a lot of people come out to Cappadocia is for the rock formations. Many of them are unusually shaped and it makes you wonder if aliens didn’t do a bit of the carving.
10 Best Things to Do in Cappadocia, Turkey
Goreme is a perfect base for lodging and to start a sightseeing adventure. It’s walking distance from many great sights such as the Open Air museum, Love valley, Red Valley and you can book a hot air balloon ride here.
#2: Cave Hotels
Cave hotels are popular in Cappadocia due to it’s cave dwelling history. Goreme is a cozy and safe town, sprinkled with cave hotels. A cave can run anywhere from 50 Euro to well over 100 Euro. I stayed at Kelebek Hotel (read my review), it had its own Turkish bath, had an awesome buffet of mysterious Turkish food to do taste tests and was only 8 minutes from the Goreme bus station. There are hostel caves as well and well, just staying in the town, you’ll have a priceless view of them all! Check out some cave hotels here.
#3: Open Air Museum
At the Open Air Museum, you’ll find cave inhabitants were also monks and nuns. A lot of monasteries were hidden in caves. Step inside and you’ll occasionally find aging ceiling frescoes.
Note: No photography inside many of these caves. Admission: Yes.
#4. Red / Rose Valley
All the rocks in the alleys are made of volcanic ash, so it can crumble very easily. The erosion gives it its shape. Also you have many minerals which creates the colors in different parts of the terrain.
#5. Hot Air Balloon Ride
Hot Air Balloon Rides in Cappadocia are a bucketlist activity to try. If you had to splurge on anything, I’d suggest this. Of all the places that offer hot air balloon rides, Cappadocia is the place to do it as the land is one spectacle, while the 50+ balloons in the air offer another. Read my Guide to Hot Air Ballooning.
#6 Fairy Chimneys at Love Valley
Fairy Chimneys have pointed tops that are supposed to look like chimneys and a 15 minute walk outside Goreme, you’ll find them thriving in Love Valley. I think you’ll understand why locals have named it such.
#7. Uchisar Castle
Places like Uchisar Castle are manmade, which is the phenomenal thing. The castle is a giant rock which looks like Swiss cheese and you can walk around and explore the caves . Uchisar Castle is about a 45 minute walk from Goreme or you can catch the local bus, which will take you 6-8 minutes. Admission: None.
#8. Pigeon caves
These caves weren’t only made to house people. Some were made to house pigeons. Pigeon poop was often harvested for farming fertilizer.
#9. Derinkuyu Underground City
Cappadocia has a few underground cities but Derinkuyu Underground City is the largest.
There’s seven subterranean levels to this city and it was a refuge for Christians who were escaping persecution from Romans. An entire city lived and raised livestock in these caves and walked these tunnels.
Note: This is a tour stop, but you can also reach here by local bus from Goreme. It’s said to take approximately 45 minutes. Admission: Yes.
Every where you look there’s a photo waiting to be taken. You can spend rolls and rolls of film here. Every where The more you walk and hike and discover places the more you see. There are a handful of cave monasteries to see and a lovely hike around the mountain. Hiking level is basic to moderate.
Note: This is one of the stops on the Blue Tour, which I took. While this was beautiful, I still might advise trying the Green Tour instead. This and Derinkuyu were the only sites on the tour that I thought were worthwhile.