10 shocking facts about Korean schools

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10 shocking things about Korean schools, teaching in EPIK Korea, teaching in a korean classroom
As a foreigner teaching public elementary in Korea, I’ll readily admit, there are many differences between Korea and the U.S. Each day is far from boring.

Americans Teaching in Korea

 My mother has been an elementary teacher in the public school system all her life so my experience in elementary school comes from having helped her in classrooms, as well as having worked in U.S. businesses and having taught other types of adult workshops due to my Master’s degree. I’ve studied at universities from St Louis, Los Angeles and New York City. However Korean culture and the language is obviously very different.

When I went through my EPIK teaching orientation program in Incheon, we learned some of this more intricate stuff I’m sharing about the government public school system. It was to prepare us for the varying conditions and types of schools we would be sent to teach in.  Each school is run slightly differently. You have principals and teachers who manage their schools and classrooms differently.  EPIK teachers went to various cities- Daegu, Busan, Jeju Island, and more…- go to affluent areas of the city ; others may go to lower income or even rural areas.

As excited as I have been about being here and my Daegu apartment and neighborhood, teaching in Korea comes with its rough bumps. My initial welcome to my job placement did not start very warmly. As many of us are very new to Korea, we are dispersed to different cities and even different schools in the city, we started a Facebook group to share lesson plans, insights and mild anxieties with our new teaching system.

Wanna know what it is like living and teaching in Korea, see my So you Wanna teach in Korea page?

Within the first month of my living and teaching in Korea,…

Here’s 10 shocking facts I learned about Korean schools:

1.  How long is a school day in South Korea?

Korean high school students have a 16 hour school day

Just how strongly do Koreans feel about education? It would shock you.

The average high school student generally has class from about 8am until 9:30pm or 10pm. For the average Korean high school student, the goal is to get into good college and often, the competition is high.

As a result, many will attend a agwon (aka a private after school learning program) to accelerate their learning. Hagwons are private entities, which help reinforce higher education and English skills, so there is often a high demand for them. Often, they are run strictly like a business, running one class after another, prepping students for exams and drilling skills into them from the textbook. For students, this is perhaps, their one social outlet and way to meet other friends.

Due to education being the main extracurricular sport, the average teen doesn’t get home until midnight. Thus, dinner is actually served at school.

Middle school is a bit more lenient, as classes end around 4pm, with a possible hagwon learning afterwards. Read a 2018 BBC post on the pressure regarding university entrance exams for high school students.

Read my YouTube video: EPIK vs Hagwon: Which is better?

2.   Koreans have school on Saturdays.

If you think Korean students have the weekend for recreation, think again. The official school days were originally Monday to Saturday, which didn’t make for happy students or teachers.

Since 2010, the school schedule, has changed and loosened up. Now the Korean public school system has two Saturdays per month, off.

Update: A volunteer from the Korean Culture and Information Service(KOCIS) has informed me that “…since 2012, Korean public school system has every Saturdays off.”

3.   Teachers are respected in Korea

In Korea, the saying is “Teachers are as high as God“.

You wouldn’t guess that from their pay scale, but teachers hold a valuable and respected place in society.  Korea emphasizes education and schooling to the power of a hundred. As a result, Korea possesses a high regard for its Korean teachers as being pillars of the schooling system.

Retirement age isn’t until 65 years old. Seniority means increased pay and the overall work hours, holidays and vacation benefits are said to be better than regular office jobs.

4. There is a Business side to Teaching in Korea

Whoever thought I’d be making Powerpoint presentations (download a sample here) and saving files on USB memory sticks for my teaching job? Those tools sound like an office job. But these are tools of the trade in my school. I am so glad I knew the basics of office Powerpoint!

Dress attire? Professional to office casual attire is recommended, starting at elementary school.  Korea is a fashionable and stylish culture. A nice suit with jacket or blazer is a good starter as one must look respectable when teaching.

I haven’t worn so many slacks and office blazers since well,… working in an office temping! Teachers in the United States must dress tastefully, but in elementary, they also dress comfortably. I’d say Korean standards of dress are more office casual to office professional compared to U.S. teachers who dress a cross between a tasteful soccer mom and office casual.

Read: A Day in a Life of an Native English Teacher in Korea
teaching in EPIK Korea, teaching in a korean classroom
Classrooms in Korean Elementary schools come with a computer, connected to an overhead projector or an LCD flat screen.  This doesn’t mean all teachers are tech saavy, though.
teaching in korea, teaching at EPIK Korea, working in Korea, Korean computers
We were told Korean students learn better with learning games so many English lesson plans incorporate Powerpoint games, where ESL teachers alter. Sometimes, we design our own powerpoint games to project on the screen and play for classes. Unfortunately, Powerpoint software on Korean computers are all in Korean language.

5.   There is a  five year teacher-principal rotation cycle

Teachers rotate schools every five years.  It doesn’t matter if you love your school or not.

After each five year term, the teachers, vice principal and principal undergo a lottery system and have to change schools. Thus, each year, a school may get new staff.

This system is born to give each teacher an equal opportunity to work at good schools and bad. All teaching staff is subject to a valuation system and receive points for exams they take, workshops they attend as well as, receive incentive points for how well their school ranks in the district . Also, there are certain schools which are known to be model schools (these are the schools that Korean teachers want to teach at) where they have high performing students and other Korean teachers (and native English teachers like me), will make a trip to see how they run their classes and organize their programs to get their students to focus and learn. Learning is a serious business!

Korea's model schools, PCs in Korean, workplace computers in Korea, teaching English in Korea, what is it like teaching English in Korea, teaching schedule in Korea, English lesson plans in Korea
Model schools in Korea are schools that many Korean teachers want to teach at. They breed excellence in their curriculums and students are high level learners. ESL teachers and Korean English teachers visit other schools to review teaching methods to see what practices other classes are employing.


6.  Role playing lessons can be very Hollywood style

Some schools have blue screen technology and/or rooms with “role-playing sets” for kids to enact situations in.   One class example we saw was a market checkout scene.. they had aisles, shelves and a real conveyor belt.

I eventually even worked at a Korean musical camp and we had role-playing rooms from traffic school (I had to wear a police hat and jacket and set up traffic cones) to a hospital room, with eye charts, stethoscope, height and weight scales, examination table, wheelchair and a doctor’s lab coat!  Chincha?

role playing in education, roleplaying for learning, role play games, PCs in Korean, workplace computers in Korea, teaching English in Korea, what is it like teaching English in Korea, teaching schedule in Korea, English lesson plans in Korea
Role-playing and skits in learning: Aren’t they adorable? I love teaching English to my Korean students

Blue screen

7.   Corporal punishment is still alive (although quite hushed)

While in the U.S., corporal punishment of children blares “immediate lawsuit”,  the Korean educational system and parents have less of an issue with physical discipline in school classrooms.

Corporal punishment used to be allowed, and now, is somewhat tolerated,  covertly. It is 2010 as I write this.  The school system is cracking down on this abuse, but it still happens in some schools. One of my fellow foreign teacher friends said they have a disciplinary stick in their school, that Korean teachers have named the “magic wand”. Usually the disciplinarian is a male teacher.   Click here for an article on the subject (although it is a bit dated)

Korea has however, employed physical discipline for disobedience in the past. The one below is a hands-off method I’ve seen used in some classrooms, as a way to make the students reflect on their wrong behavior, by challenging their mental endurance. But in the U.S. this method might still alarm some American parents, who are quick to see any type of physical suffering as abuse to a child (let alone, any punishment can be questionable by American standards).


corporeal punishment in Korea, discipline in Korean schools, teaching English in Korea, Korean classroomCommon punishment (though not corporeal) for young ones is hands out or raised in air.

8.   Why do some Korean students have “English” names?

Korean folks with English names are often very proud of them. Alice, Lola or Angelina… Some just make you want to hold back a giggle, because they’re either dated or feel like “roleplay names”.  But ever wonder where Koreans get their names?

Well, you can blame it on the foreign English teacher that gave it to them!

Some school English programs and hagwons suggest students be given English names for better immersion and occasionally it’s up to some twenty-something half-grown EFL teacher to do so! In my EPIK teacher orientation, one  lecturer told us we might want to have a fishbowl of at least 25-100 English names for kids to choose from or to assign to students.

Then again, some teachers let their students pick their names!  So if you have a student that comes up to you and introduces himself as Robocop (true story!)  you can probably guess what happened.



9.  Students take responsibility for the cleanliness of their school.

One thing I admire about Korean values is that the Korean school system teaches students to be responsible for the care of their school. While employed janitors tend to major chores… trash on the school grounds, are actually done by students each morning  before the school bell rings!

10.    There is Shoe Etiquette in the Korean Classroom

You know that Asian tradition of taking your shoes off when you enter a house?  Yeah, well I practice it in the U.S. with my family in Hawaii.

Korean culture and etiquette has a similar tradition as many Asian cultures, as they consider the feet to be dirty; so dirty that in fact, they wear house slippers at home.  But the shoe etiquette goes beyond the house and into the classroom. Students and school staff must remove their outdoor shoes and change into “school slippers” upon entering the building.

Read 10 quirks which will shock you about Korean culture

10 more shocking facts about korean schools, teaching in Korea, teaching at EPIK Korea, 10 shocking facts about korean schools, korean culture10 shocking facts about korean schools:  My outdoor shoes & my school sandals .
(Below) School Shoes for Kids

Bonus video:

Watch my first day at my Korean Public Elementary School.

How different is Korean culture from your own? Know of more shocking facts about Korean schools?  Care to share any idiosyncrasies you’ve experienced?

More about Korean culture:

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Crazy Korea, Should you teach in Korea?, Teaching English


  • So what day Korean get rest? I mean last weekend

  • I’m a Kenyan High school student , and I’m going to study in South Korea because my family is moving there next month, due to business

  • Josephine Stewart
    August 2, 2020 1:10 pm

    my mom is Korean, (im english) my friend’s living in korea. They don’t go to school on saturdays. I mean, it’s gone now. It used to have a system like that, but it’s not here anymore. Also, that kind of punishments are now illegal. Teachers can’t do that. Also english names are not given by teachers. Students mostly choose their name by their own. Some names that they want.

    • The author said it was 2010 when this article was written. That was ten years ago!
      Corporal punishment became illegal in 2014 if I remember correctly.
      Same for Saturday classes, they were abolished in 2012, so at the time this was written they were still on.

  • korean student
    May 9, 2020 10:56 pm

    I am Korean and the area where I live is very hard at studying. From now on, I will introduce the daily life of the people around me. As a middle school student, I wake up at 6 and stay at school until 4. After school, I go back home, study, and go to academy. I stay at the academy until 10 o’clock and come home after the academy. When I come home, I do my homework and study. And I fall asleep around 1 or 2 a.m. My sister is a high school student. My sister wakes up at 6 and stays at school until 10 p.m. She leaves school at 10 o’clock and goes to the academy. It’s 1 a.m. when she comes home from the academy. She studies constantly even when she comes home. Bedtime is around 3 a.m. I study about six hours a day (I think i do a little), and my sister studies 12 hours a day (she blames herself for less studying if I study less than 10 hours). This is what Korean students look like. People living in Seoul are more obsessed with studying than this.

    • I am an Indian. I am scared after reading this. Although that whole “teachers are god “and corporal punishment and taking off shoes is also common here. But this type of studying is common only in the coaching hubs like kota ( for IIT JEE prep which is the hardest and most prestigious engineering exam in india) and parts of Delhi .

      • Dr. Oli Tooher Hancock
        January 2, 2021 11:29 pm

        I am a British/Irish teacher working in India and I have taught in more than 10 countries. I have taught many Korean students ever since 38 years ago. Our school also sends volunteers and teachers to foreign countries with students so that they can understand the great diversity of the world, and how their education is different than some others. Even, I have also been to Korea quite a few times. Once in 1989, 2001, 2009, 2012, 2014, 2017 and most recently, 2019. As far as I know, IIT JEE takes place after middle and primary school. I have heard that high school and college students in India face quite a lot of pressure studying. The article here is, as the author mentioned, written a decade ago. Now, students are being given more attention and care. At the moment, private academy classes are only allowed until 10 PM. According to my experiences in India, public and government schools are not in the best condition. Public schools in Korea can be compared to private international schools in India, such as INDUS and ISH. One thing I would like you to keep in mind is that the article is about elementary students, not high school.

      • I kinda like their learning system but it can be stressful. I go to school by 6am and come back by 6pm in Nigeria. I like it cause it gives students the zeal to learn but it can be really stressful.

  • I have passion to teach Arabic or ESL in korea. I am a language teacher since 1989 until present, but the shift that I made in my teaching career and I taught students from different backgrounds, who were from Turkey, Iraq and USA makes me feel I want to go back and teach where people, students, parents, school system who like to take advantage from all the hard work and appreciate the teacher time and efforts.

  • For me hard work is everything. I wish I could also study in Korean university.

    • Jane Ellen Woo
      January 2, 2021 11:39 pm

      I agree that Korea offers high-standard education, but please beware that the Korean education system is very hard. As a matter of fact, it pressures students so much since 1st Grade, that some students, leave the country, and unfortunately, some end their own life.

  • I’m Korean and even in inteernational schools, which I go to, it is still in my perspective so hard. And summer or winter break it isn’t vacation. It’s sometimes harder than school. For me, before I went to internaational schools, I never went abroad, so I did and learned everything from academies. I would go out about eight or nine in the morning and would come home atleast after 10. And most of my friends had and still have similar routines. But later on you get too used to it to notice. To be honest even in 5th grade (in american age), which is 2 years ago, I thought everybody was living like this, which apparently isn’t true. I wish Korea will chill a little and beome more lax. But I don’t think that would happen. At least in the near future or in the short – term.

  • Life in Korea seems to be hard I can’t make it as a Kenyan

    • Just try your best! If there’s something you want to do, then you can achieve it by working hard.

      • Indian 🇮🇳
        November 29, 2020 5:22 pm

        Are you also from Korea. If Yes, what’s ur age and do you also study till 12 am or 2 am and only sleep for 3-4 hours???

    • I’m Kenyan High school student , and I’m going to study in South Korea since my family is moving there next month, due to business

  • Yuette Frashure
    September 24, 2019 7:58 am


  • I am Korean No Difference

  • a sixth grader shouldn’t be cussing

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