Buying bottled water in India: An exercise in blind faith?

Last Updated on May 27, 2020 by Christine Kaaloa

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Buying bottled water in India: An exercise in blind faith?


Drinking tap water in India is not safe for travelers. You may know that already.

But what you may not know about traveling India, is that there a several small scams and buying bottled water doesn’t always promise safety, either.

When I entered a crowded guesthouse café in Hampi, I looked around to see backpackers from around the world.  Food-wise, eating at the cafe felt safe. But when I walked around back, I saw a restaurant employee squatting next to a line of empty water bottles… He was filling the bottles with tap water and recapping them! Ever after, it’s ruined my trust in “sealed” bottled water in India. I have already gotten sick in India. I did not want to get sick from bad drinking water .

This made me wonder,…

Is buying bottled water in India an exercise in blind faith?

I began inspecting the bottled water I bought at small shops; sure enough, some of them appeared tampered with! Even if they had a brand label wrapper loosely sealed over its cap.

How did I know?…

Plastic caps make a subtle “click” when unscrewed. Sometimes you see where they’re broken. When I twisted my cap,  I felt a sandy slide. No broken bumps on the inside of the cap. It was glued on, probably with Crazy Glue.

Though I didn’t get sick from any of the water I drank,  as a traveler, I felt my choices limited. You either have to trust that the tap the water used is safe drinking water or do a combination of things…

4 Ways to Avoid bottled water in India

1.  Buy soda and juices

Sodas and juices are usually harder to refill or make– especially if they’re in a can! Go for the can– it’s the safest option. However, old-fashioned glass soda bottles are also a common in India and you’ll see familiar brands such as Limca or Coke. Also, local soda dealers will use recycled glass bottles to sport their own soda or carbonated water. The local soda isn’t as sugary and is priced at rupees less the commercial brand (i.e. 5 rupees vs 25 rupees!).  If you’re a ruppee-miser, then local sodas are actually cheaper than buying regular soda and bottled water!

The bottles can be recycled for reuse so many merchants will prefer you to drink it there on the spot so they can return the bottle.

Advice: To be safe, ask for a straw or do as the locals do– don’t touch the bottle to your lips, but pour the soda into your mouth as it’s uncertain how the bottles are washed… if they even are!

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2.  Buy a travel water purifier or water filter

Whether you’re traveling India over a long period, doing a lot of camping or traveling other developing countries with undrinkable tap water, getting a travel water purifier or water filter is a solid investment. Travel water filters come in hand pump options, sport bottles and portable wands, with the assurance of nabbing 99.9% of the bacteria in bad water. Not bad.

Hand pump water filter are something I crossed when I took my yoga teacher’s training in Dharamsala. One of my classmates brought her hand pump and it was slightly large device. The drawback with any hand pump water filters is they require effort. You’re getting a workout for each mouthful of squirt you make!

It’s not as light-weight either.

The Steripen Adventurer Opti UV Light Water Purifier does not need hand-pumping. It is pen-sized , has a UV light to disinfect and kill bacteria and it runs on AA batteries. It makes 1 liter in 90 seconds and Steripen has been a long trusted brand. Read my review of my Steripen here.  Note: This filter is only for tap water and you should not use it for streams, rivers and lakes.

I bought a Sport Berkey Portable Water Purifier  for $25. Wasn’t a big fan because it was like operating an exercise squeeze ball just to squirt my water. But it does the trick.

The Steripen Go Water Bottle is a microfilter bottle that is great for hiking, outdoors and traveling developing countries where the tap water is undrinkable. Lifestraw also comes as a portable straw- you can drink from streams and it filters out bad stuff. You can find youtube videos where folks have tried drinking from the toilet, potting soil … and vomit. They also have an even cheaper portable wand filter.

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3.  Boil water

Perhaps you can’t filter out funky residuals but you can kill off water-borne bacteria and viruses if you boil it.  Even better, unlike the water purifiers, you can make pots full of water without the muscle gain!

Obviously, a hot plate may be extra weight for backpacking travelers, so let me share a handy tool I just discovered– a
Coffee/Water Heater. It’s a little travel size plug-in heating wand that you put in your water, bringing your water to a boil in seconds! It comes in several sizes (mine is about 5 inches) and you can also find them India household and appliance shops! As for cups to boil water in– India has a wealth of stainless steel cups for mere rupees.

Tea, anyone?



4. Buy bottled water

Last but not least,  employ traveler’s blind faith in buying bottled water in India. For tourists, this is an obvious and fuss free option. Long-term travelers to India may fight it from time to time, while occasionally finding themselves getting a bit careless. Sometimes, you’re just too tired to analyze everything.

When it’s hot, you have limited choices. Sometimes, you end up crossing your fingers, holding your breath and trusting that the sealed bottle you have is legitimate and clean.

Has your bottled water been tampered with?

While I can’t guarantee my advice is foolproof, it might help a bit. Unfortunately, you have to buy the bottle first. When you twist the cap, you should feel it snap in at least the three (or more) places where you break the plastic. If you don’t hear that, but hear a sandy slide, the cap was glued on. Also, a plastic wrapper over the cap is not always a good indicator of safety either.  Check first how sealed over the cap it is. If it’s loose (vs snug or shrink-wrapped) AND your cap is too easy to remove, chances are its been opened.

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Notice the plastic grooves on the cap where the plastic is broken.  You should feel the plastic pop when you twist your cap.
IN water2

What can you do to with your water bottle?

Take your plastic water bottle after you’re done and crush it.  This prevents others from reusing the bottle– refilling it and setting it back on the shelf.


How do you deal with water issues in a developing country?  What are some of your experiences? Share…

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  • Hey Christine did you get any vaccinations prior to traveling in India and did you take malaria pills? Thank you!

  • I totally agree with the writer about the her views on bottled water in India. I am an avid traveller and travel once a month to different places in the country. I have been using droppure water filtration bottle for all my travelling. All i do is buy bottled water( or take water from local restaurants), put the water in the bottle and then drink from it. Not only it prevents me from falling sick but also save money while travelling

    • Travelers do not have a choice other than to rely on bottled water. But as I know many residents too buy bottled water believing it is better than anything else. Bottled water is definitely not the solution. A portable water purifier for home or for office should be the ultimate choice. It will let you avoid wastage of money and also stop you from adding to the plastic waste to the environment. Leading water purifier manufacturing companies now sell the water purifiers online that eases the process of buying the best water purifier in India

  • Taza agua – Google tazaagua not sure they are India yet-tea & coffee water

  • […] India have safe and drinkable H2O? No (Read my post: here). Having battled waterborne bugs for having brushed my teeth with the water, I’d list a backup […]

  • lived in India a year, and yeah, the bottles are tampered with, but, certainly if you are staying for a while, it is worth just getting used to it. in restaurants we drank the water they poured for us like everyone else. We got sick once and cipro fixed the problem. which you could get at the pharmacy without seeing a dr.. Good info for travellers, I’ll go w #4

    • @Debbie Ann: Thanks for sharing, Debbie Ann! Good to know about the tampered bottles and India for a year must’ve been some expierience. You’re a seasoned pro. I actually just watched some youtube videos last night on how you can open a bottle without breaking it’s tamper proof seal. =( There’s nothing you can really do about it but go with the flow or filter your own water.

  • […] Buying bottled water in India: Is it an exercise in blind faith? – This post by Grrrl Travel details your options (instead of water), and touches on how to tell if your water has been tampered with. This is an FYI type of post, not something that is meant to scare you. […]

  • […] Buying bottled water in India: Is it an exercise in blind faith? – This post by Grrrl Travel details your options (instead of water), and touches on how to tell if your water has been tampered with. This is an FYI type of post, not something that is meant to scare you. […]

  • There’s another way of tampering with water bottles I’ve seen. Some vendors empty the bottles from a small hole they make in the bottom, and reseal them with a dab of hot glue or some other small, clear plug. Check the surface of the bottle before drinking!

  • bottled water « Bottled Water
    April 15, 2012 4:34 pm

    […] Bottled water has impacted the world, and our society and many other countries. With its many policies there has been a change in the world getting every time a little closer to ending thirst in third world countries like India. I found a very interesting article on line. For more information on this topic here is the link to it: […]

  • Ohhh I never ever thought of this before – how SNEAKY doing that, and completely unethical! Just a plain scam.

    Thanks for the warning – I’ll listen for the click next time I’m travelling. Well, anywhere where I wouldn’t drink the tap water, that is.

  • Laura in Cancun
    April 16, 2011 2:09 am

    That’s very wrong :S Messing with people’s health like that?

    Here in Mexico it’s all purified, all the time. I’ve had tap water here twice by accident… noooo way I could mistake it for purified here haha.

  • I hadn’t thought of the coffee/water heater! Good idea. I have a Steripen, which does work, except you really need the filter attachment. Filtered & purified water are 2 separate things.

    Some good advice here lady!

    • @Nomadic Chick: You’re right– filtered and purified is different but do they taste different? As for the water heater– I’m in Dharamsala for a month and unlike the rest of India its actually very cold. It’s actually a great discovery.

  • Whoa. That’s just so wrong–refilling water bottles and pretending they’re sealed? Ewwww. Thanks for the warning, and the tips.

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