Teaching in Korea: Should you choose EPIK vs a Hagwon?

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Teaching overseas takes courage. It’s not easy to take a blind leap to teach in a country you know little about, without out knowing factors of how or where you’ll live or what the work environment will be like.  With any country and no matter how good something sounds onpaper, your choice is always a gamble.

Korea offers one of the best teaching packages out there: rent-free apartment, signing bonuses and a roundtrip flight.   But it’s garnered negative experiences as well. So there are many reasons why I chose EPIK vs a hagwon.

Recently I got a comment on my YouTube videos, from Julian:


My Experience Teaching in Korea

Looking back on my time in Korea, I’m filled with fond memories. There are many things about Korea which continue to dazzle, confound, irritate and  me. Overall, I know if it weren’t for my confusion of where I want to be in my work life, I could easily have extended my time there.

There’s many things which I fell in love with about Korea, from food, Korean culture, the tons of Korean festivals (seems they have one practically every month), my BB cream and beauty care products, technology and the list goes on.  It’s a relatively safe country with a low cost of living and yet high quality of life.  Due to the fact, I had a rent-free apartment and the cost of living was low, I was able to save over $10,000 of my salary (after expenses and vacation trips), to produce my travel fund for a seven month backpacking trip and more. At the moment, I’ve still got money in the bank for a couple more trips.

But then there were the not-so-great times too. My life didn’t go without those.

Read things to Know about Korea before visiting

Marrying Korea: Expat Life in Korea

There’s a huge difference between travelers and expats. I don’t like to say it. There is.

As a traveler, it’s easy to rock-n-roll with the culture shock, language barriers and dislikes, when you’re not committed to living with them.  Like marriage, when you live with anything for a committed length of time, even the little things start to annoy, like eating kimchi everyday or using Korean toothpaste (it’s sweet).  Those annoyance can feel giantess when you’re abroad in a foreign land.

There’s many ways to fall in love with Korea if you live there. But if you asked me if I loved it when I was going through it on a daily basis, I might answer differently.

I both, loved it and not.

Like the acclimatizing process goes with any country, life in Korea wasn’t without its rough bumps (and I’ve certainly bitched here about those too!). It was my first year living abroad and although I’m a traveler, who loves the challenge of culture shock, this was my first time doing so on a long-term basis. I didn’t have a helpful Korean co-teacher, I had trouble finding vegetarian food and language barriers posed small frustrations.

However, as bad some of my times felt, I still always felt privileged to be living in Korea. I did not regret my experiences one bit.

For more information and resources go to my page on Teaching in Korea.


Should you choose EPIK vs a Hagwon?

There are many reasons why I chose EPIK over a hagwon. I was contracted with EPIK, but I also worked briefly at a hagwon in Seoul. Ha ha.. betcha didn’t see that coming. Yes, I slide under the radar to pick up a temporary job at a hagwon (Note: you are not allowed to do this). But I still prefer EPIK, for many reasons.

If you’re reading this, then you’ve probably also already read a handful of rants about hagwons and that some can be shady. Before choosing EPIK, I read a lot of those too. To put everything into perspective, everything is in the luck of the draw in Korea. I’ve met people who both,  loved and hated teaching in a hagwon and same goes with EPIK.  The choice depends on which structure fits best for you.

Stable schedule & Accountability

EPIK is a government program, where you’re working in the Korean public school system. I liked that as a regulated system, when one thing changes, the change is widespread and affects all public schools and teachers in it.  You know you’re going to get paid on time and your overtime hours will be honored. This doesn’t mean shadiness can’t exist, but if it does you could go to your district office to ask for help. They often play mediator and law officer.

Should a situation ever go south, hagwon teachers often feel helpless in this regard. They don’t know where to turn to help, as a hagwon is a privately owned business, which makes its money from student enrollment. I had read forum rants, where schools fold overnight or a teacher has to chase an employer to get paid and I’ve met a couple of those teachers. While those experiences are generally,  the exception more than the rule, I never wanted to be that “exception” .

Schedule consistency

I wanted a structured schedule, where I could enjoy my evenings and use my weekends for travel. I had a standard 40 hour work week, with a 8:30am-4:30pm schedule, Monday to Friday. I taught 22 hours a week, averaging to about 4-5 classes a day and each day. I taught roughly a grade level a day, utilizing the same lesson. Any classes I teach or events outside of that 22 hour limit, I received overtime pay.

As hagwons are after-school programs, peak operation hours are when students don’t have school (aka nights, weekends and holidays). Teaching at a hagwon I averaged around six classes a day, but you could teach more. As I juggled different levels and lessons each hour ( vs repeating the same lesson throughout the day, like with EPIK), it personally, took a quicker toll on me.

Read Teaching in Korea | Decoding your Korean workplace & EPIK Class Schedule 

Vacation and Holidays at EPIK

I like to work hard, but I also like to play hard, and as a traveler, vacation time is important to me. Not only does EPIK have twice the amount of vacation days than a hagwon, but we also got to take them in chunks. With a hagwon, the employer decides how and when you’ll split up your vacation time to use. I didn’t like that.

Additionally, working with public schools, I got all national holidays off. If there’s a holiday on a Friday, that makes it  a three day vacation holiday for me. With hagwons, holidays and weekdays are potential work days.

Support, Variety & experiencing the Korean Community

EPIK has a wonderful support system, which embraces a very Korean way–  community. The program wants you to adapt to Korean culture and to enjoy it. My first week in Korea, EPIK held an orientation of workshops, priming us on what we needed know about teaching in Korea. During that orientation, we got to meet and make friends with fellow EPIK teachers, so we had a community foundation. Each district office also, occasionally sponsors excursions and clubs, bringing EPIK teachers in your city together to socialize.

Working in the public schools can be equally fun, because you get to experience what a Korean school is like and there’s a range of fun activities, such as school dinners, overnight school excursions, teacher excursions and teacher social clubs.  Even English camps can be fun work. One EPIK teacher I knew had an excursion to Everland (Seoul’s famed amusement park), while another had an overnight camping trip in a different city. Participation is mandatory, but you get paid overtime for it.

Hagwons tend to be more capitalistic and the sense of community is limited to the number of English teachers at your school. At the hagwon I worked at, the native English teachers and Korean teachers never seemed to interact. Also, as it’s a business, hagwons may require you to be an “English face” to help sell enrollment; thus, some of your free time is spent engaging with students and meeting with parents to encourage this.

Career Advancement

In Korea, being a teacher holds a high respect.  If you ever wanted to advance to teach at a Korean university, EPIK is considered a more reputed program. EPIK teaching is recognized as real experience, whereas some colleges explicitly state that hagwon teaching doesn’t count.

The two teaching methods are different. EPIK teachers are trained by and collaborate with Korean teachers to create lesson plans, as well as occasionally create their own. EPIK teaches us to teach and create lessons for a broad range of levels.

Hagwon teaching, on the other hand, primarily uses teaching manuals, which have pre-formed lesson plans, which you administer during class. At a hagwon, I went into teaching with only 5-10 minutes of orientation time.  As long as I had the teaching manual in front of me, I could easily jump into teaching without having  spent much time looking the lesson over.

Challenging but Rewarding

I was looking for a program where I could make a difference with children. I’d looked a countries like Nepal, but didn’t know if I could live in such a rural setting or forfeit making a decent salary.  Working in a Korean public school felt perfect to me, because I could make decent money and yet, still feel like I was doing something meaningful. Seeing and interacting with my public school students thoughout the week, I got to track their improvement, weaknesses and strengths. Public schools are the underdog system. Often, one class will be a multi-level class and you’re working as a teacher and need to find techniques to get them all to learn and  focus.

Hagwons are generally for families that can afford extra tutoring for their children. These families strive for their children to be successful, so the studies are more advanced and the students are primed to study.  Many of the students in my public school couldn’t afford a hagwon, so teaching them was an additional challenge, but my English classes were their only exposure to the English language and opportunity to learn a tool, which could sculpt their future.

EPIK Fears that will make or break you


The Pros of a Hagwon

Unfortunately, this post favors the EPIK environment. I enjoyed being a part of it and I’m a better teacher because of it.  But obviously, there are advantages to working in a hagwon system also, or people wouldn’t want to work there.

Potentially better salaries

There’s the potential of getting a higher salary. Standard salaries for new teachers are 2.0-2.2 million depending on experience and training. But with highly reputable hagwons, they grow as high as 2.4-2.7 million.  I’ve not see many of those on job boards, but they are there.

Freedom: No 40 hour week

You’ll  need to double-check my facts on this, but because your schedule is occasionally broken up and there are times you will teach half a session and then have a few hours before your next session, you can go home or do errands. While you may have to teach more classes than an EPIK teacher, you don’t need to stay at the hagwon to do what EPIKers call “desk-warming”.  Desk-warming is when you have nothing to do, but must still stay at school to fulfill your contract hours.


Some teachers like to feel independent and don’t care for working with Korean teachers. They want their own class.  While you’ll probably be given at least one class per semester, which is entirely yours, you’ll share the teaching space with a Korean teacher. There can be occasional power issues, as you’re paid roughly the same as a Korean teacher but get extra perks of an apartment, flight, signing bonuses, etc..

Choosing the city you want to be in

You get to choose the city you’ll be in and the school you’ll work for.  With EPIK, placement is based on a variety of factors I’ll explain in my next post.


For more resources go to my page on Teaching in Korea.

Travel Resources for your Korea trip

Booking.com – Hotel bookings. No cancellation fees
Safety Wing – affordable travel insurance with COVID coverage
NordVPN – Online security and the ability to watch Netflix. Use “grrrltraveler” for 70% off 3-year plan + 1 month free
Klook – Book tours in Korea and Asia
Get your Guide – book tours in Korea
Korea SIMs – for prepaid travel SIM Cards
Korea Rail Pass – for getting around Korea


Related Posts

Should you teach in Korea?, Teaching English


  • Is there any value to have an Early Childhood Education degree or would they only recognize Teacher’s College or Masters? I have a BA, an ECE degree, and taught in a hagwon for two years. My main goal for going back to teach again is to save money, and I want to know what my “value” is to pick the best option for doing this!

  • When you say “getting your application in early” what time of the year would be ideal? Does the school year run similarly to North America? I am writing from Canada, and hope to travel to work in Korea in 2019.

  • Christine, did you work for EPIK or a hagwon first. I am currently an EPIK teacher but am looking into hagwons because I specifically want to live in Seoul. However, I am having a hard time, as the benefits don’t seem a good. But I just really want to live in Seoul!

  • Great article about hagwons and schools. It really depends on so many factors. However, public school jobs are a safer bet.

    Even though public school jobs are safer, I know plenty of people who loved working at their hagwons.

    Great article though and very thorough.

  • […] a result, many will attend a hagwon (aka a private after school learning program) to accelerate their learning. Hagwons are private […]

  • […] Teaching in Korea: EPIK vs a hagwon, which is better? … With any country and no matter how good something sounds on paper, your choice is… Read More […]

  • […] Teaching in Korea is an ideal opportunity for travelers, who have always … I was able to save over $10,000 of my salary (after expenses and vacation trips), … Read More […]

  • Hi, I am interested in applying for EPIK, however my major weakness is that I’m introverted and have major social anxiety. Would that be a deterrent for me? Do you know any EPIK or hagwon English teachers who initially had a shy/introverted personality but were able to pull through in their classes?

    • Christine Kaaloa
      August 18, 2015 6:54 pm

      @Michelle: If you have major social anxiety, you might find teaching in front of a class very challenging and it might be an obstacle in employers hiring you. With EPIK, you get at least 25+ kids per class, 4 classes a day + adult classes (teachers or parents). … On camera school broadcasts, singing karaoke in front of your teachers and leading classes in which you’ll need to make the classes fun for kids… just to name a few things which could very easily be expected of you. I’m not saying it’s impossible, but you’ll have to actively work to get beyond your limitations quickly.

    • I have social anxiety but it has not hindered my ability to teach English as second language to children, adolescents, and adults. I find that when I am in a position of control (ie teaching a class) my social anxiety is pretty much nonexistent, unless I am being observed by a director of a school — then, I can panic a bit, but I don’t think it shows. So what I’m trying to say is, you can DEFINITELY be introverted or have social anxiety and be a great teacher! Not all students respond the best to the “peppy” approach to teaching. (And yes, even six year old’s can respond better to a calm, collected, and centered method of teaching.)

  • […] Read Teaching in Korea: EPIK vs a hagwon, which is better? […]

  • Thanks for this post, Christine! When u were hired with EPIK did you have previous experience? Did you have TEFL Certification in addition to a Uni degree? I have a Uni degree only and no experience – would I qualify?

    • Christine Kaaloa
      May 4, 2014 3:58 pm

      Hi @Sam! Yes, anyone from a country where the national language is English and whom possesses a uni degree from an accredited college …qualifies.

      My background is in the arts and while I have an MFA… it’s not in education. I had related experience with teaching but the main qualifier is come from a country where the national language is English and to have a basic uni degree from an accredited college.

      This is the program I used and a breakdown of the process so it doesn’t feel so scary: http://www.teachaway.com/teach-english-korea/epik-english-program-korea-public-school-jobs-korea

  • Helpful tips. Am sure this is would help a lot of wannabe travelling teachers (including me).

  • Definitely go public first … your rights are better protected, and it’s a better environment than hogwans as a whole … after spending time in the country, you can find out which hogwans are the best ones, rather than rolling the dice when you come into Korea blind…

    • Christine Kaaloa
      April 30, 2014 2:17 am

      @James: I agree with you. I think it’s easier finding a good hagwon while you’re already in Korea.

  • I definitely see many more benefits to the public schools vs. a hagwon. If anyone is interested in teaching in Jeollanamdo (SW Korea), I definitely recommend applying with Canadian Connection!

  • Great tips! I wish I could work in Korea as an English teacher as well. China has been so much fun and an amazing experience to me. It’s good to know you can save up a lot of money for your next adventures :).

    • Christine Kaaloa
      April 24, 2014 3:45 pm

      @Agness: I’m sure China was an incredible experience as well. I imagine it’d be easy to save there as well, right?

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