Before I applied for my teach abroad program, I never encountered the word “Apostille“.
If you’ve never dealt with government documents like name changes, birth or divorce records and affidavits, then obtaining an apostille can initially appear… overwhelming.
I have good news.
Preparing your documents for teaching in Korea
There are two main documents required of teaching applicants :
1) A copy of your FBI Criminal Background History Record and
2) A copy of your MFA college diploma.
**Both, need to be certified or notarized (STEP #1) before obtaining an “apostille” (Step 2).
Why apostille criminal background records and a copy of an original college diploma?
It’s a recent concern for Asian countries, who have recently discovered sexual predators and criminals employed as English teachers in their schools. This has enforced a crack down on the system and ESL teaching applicants are now asked to prove and authenticate their legitimacy.
What’s the difference between notarization vs. certification?
Notarization and certification requires “authenticating” official documents, government-issued records and the copies we make of them.
The line between notarizing and certifying can feel blurry. I’ve been through the process twice now and I’m still not sure how to differentiate. I went with certification.
For notarization: go to a notary public such as your bank (my bank does this for free), lawyer or county clerk.
For certification of government-issued documents: the Office of the Secretary of State or local county clerk should do.
In my case, I’m authenticating xeroxed “copies” of my original diplomas and thus, the original documents need to be verified as originals that haven’t been tampered with or altered.
When you’re there, the clerk at the window will ask you to write and sign a simple statement on your (diploma) xeroxed copy, declaring it as “a true copy” of the original diploma issued to you. The clerk will then verify your statement, the original diploma (* this is required for proof) and attach a written and stamped confirmation on your copied diploma. Then its off to apostilling. Costs: generally $1-3 depending on your state.
STEP 2: What’s an Apostille?
Your document copies (i.e. the xeroxes of my diplomas) must be made official by the government.
The apostille is a certificate paper with a government state seal (pictured at bottom of post) authenticating that your document is a copy of an original that hasn’t been tampered with. It’s obtained after you’ve gotten your document notarized or certified.
Here is a list of locations where you can obtain an apostille in your state.
Obtaining an apostille for your documents:
A copy of your diploma
The copy of your diploma would be the last degree you achieved. Make a xerox of your diploma (color or B&W).
Step 1: Notarization OR Certification
Notarized or certified- it’s your choice! Either way, it will get authenticated. Cost: $3
Step 2: Apostille
After certification, take your document to your state department or county clerk for its certificate and seal. You can find the department you need by Google something like “Apostilling documents in (Name of your state)”. Costs: vary by state $1-10
Required a/o 2011: Apostille FBI Criminal Background Check
As of Fall 2010, the Korean government changed its policies for Native English Teachers. All U.S. citizens are all required to get an *apostilled* FBI criminal background check, directly from FBI Headquarters. If you are already living and working in Korea, you’re exempt from having to do a FBI criminal background check until the completion of your second year in Korea.
How to Get an FBI Criminal Background Check
This can either be a pain or a smooth flow. Mostly, it takes time and a few steps.
The wait on your FBI background check can take anywhere from 1-3 months, so it’s best to get started early. However, the apostille document is only valid 6 months after the apostille date and it will need to be valid upon your entry into the country. If you don’t have anyone to send your FBI CBC to, it’s best to hold off a bit until you do.
1. Download and fill out the FBI application form (here).
2. You can get your fingerprints at any authorized company or the police station. If you are already in Korea, you can go to your local police station to get them done on a fingerprint card issued by the police station or download the FBI fingerprint card, print it and take it with you.
3. Attach your application with your fingerprint card along with $18 in money order, cashier’s check or via credit card information (no personal or business checks are accepted) and check the checklist to see if you’ve included everything. To see the government website, go to: here
4. Make sure to also include a separate note stating:
“Please provide an FBI seal and signature from a Division Officer for the purpose of obtaining a Federal Apostille.“
This FBI seal and signature is *required* in order to get an apostille, which is the next step. It must be requested specifically and can just be written on a piece of paper and included in the application.
5. Mail to:
FBI CJIS Division – Record Request
1000 Custer Hollow Road
Clarksburg, WV 26306.
If you need to follow up about the status of your application, call FBI office in West Virginia 304-625-5590. Any further FBI questions, click here.
6. Get your FBI background check back in the mail and Step #2 is to get it an apostille. If it is taking long, you may call them to request an expected date.
How to Get an Apostille for a FBI Criminal Background Check:
1. Download the Authentication form (aka cover letter) from here.
Website info: http://www.state.gov/m/a/auth/
The fee is $8.00 per document. A personal/company check or money order are acceptable and must be made payable to : U.S. Department of State.
Visa, MasterCard, Discover, and American Express are accepted for walk-in service only.
3. Mail in documents.
Include your form (cover letter), check for $8.00, your processed FBI criminal background report and a SASE.
Use a self-addressed stamped envelope for faster return of your documents. Documents received without a return envelope and postage will be returned through the State Department regular mail, which can result in a 2-3 week delay. You can use Fed/Ex, UPS, and express mail services for faster receipt/return of your documents. However, you must enclose a prepaid air bill and envelope.
U.S. Department of State
518 23rd Street NW.
Washington, DC 20520.
“Do You Really Want to Teach in Korea “ Series:
• What is my class schedule and how many classes do I teach a week?
• How do I work with co-teachers?
• Do I enjoy teaching English to Koreans?
• How and Why did I choose to teach in Korea?
• What’s English Summer camp? What’s an English Musical Summer Camp?
• Do you really want to teach English in Korea? (Part I: Q & A)
• Do you really want to teach English in Korea? (Part II: Public vs Private schools)
• 5 Things MTV taught me about teaching ESL (Part 111: How I used my old career tools in the classroom)
• From MTV Producer to English Teacher in Korea (Part IV: My story)
• GRRRL TRAVELER’s Travel Challenge #2: Becoming an Expat