Travel Survival Tips for Korea: Navigating Korean Culture
Korean lifestyle and culture can feel very different for Western travelers. Asian travelers may feel the difference, as well. How different is it? I’ll let you be the judge.
My last video post was about Travel Essentials for Seoul, so this week I wanted to share five travel essentials for Korea for navigating Korean culture!
Travel Essentials for Korean Culture & Etiquette
1. Is Korea Safe?
The question “Is Korea Safe?” happens to be a very popular question for travelers.
Korea happens to be one of the safest countries I’ve been to yet! The honor system in Korea is pretty good (watch the video for explanation). But that doesn’t mean that crime doesn’t and can’t exist. One way Korea ensures safety is CCTV, a big brother surveillance system which runs throughout the country. If there ever were a crime, you can easily check out the CCTV footage . They have CCTV cameras installed everywhere: neighborhoods, parks, schools, convenience marts, even on streets and highways , etc…
When I thought I lost my passport and went to the front desk because I knew it was the last place I took it out, the manager went to the security room and then after 15 minutes, returned and told me that from the CCTV footage, he noticed I had taken my passport up to the room! Lo and behold, when I scoured my room, I discovered my passport had somehow fallen behind a dresser bureau.
2. Nose Blowing
In Korea, it’s considered rude to blow your nose. Thus, to navigate spicy Korean food and your nose running, you’ll have to dab your nose with a tissue. Some Koreans will just suck the mucus back up.
3. Travel Survival Phrases
My first year of living and teaching in Korea, the language barriers didn’t make living in Korea easier. If you’re in Seoul, English is a little more common, especially around the younger generation. Outside Seoul, like Daegu or smaller cities, the English language gets a little spare. But not to worry, Koreans try their best to help and if you’re lost, they might even lead you by the hand to your location.
Other travel survival tools for unblocking language barriers are: taking a Korean phrase book, learn survival phrases, take a map to point at things, miming and gesturing.
But firstly, some Korean culture etiquette rules~
Greetings and formalities are always appreciated.
I’m not including it because it’s an obvious starter. But you’ll be saying Hello a lot.
Korean culture respects formality and tradition. Age matters
Westerners find it rude when people ask their age. People ask my age a lot in Korea (and Asia) as it occasionally determines respect for your seniors. In Korea, daily interactions, age (and whomever is senior) determines how you ideally would address the person you’re talking to. This matters bigtime in Korea. There’s a hierarchy in interactions and it’s a trickle down effect, even amongst the younger generations. There’s even language cues you would use to speak to elder (meaning: anyone older than you) or children.
It’s helpful to learn Basic Korean
Koreans know travelers probably don’t understand their language or rules, it’s often nice to have some phrases, just in case.
Annyeong-haseyo Hello (Koreans almost always greet people upon entrance)
Kamsahamnida Thank you.
Gomapsumida Thank you.
Hwah-jahngshil odi-ehyo? Where is the toilet?
___________ odi-ehyo? Where is ________? [ Tip: It helps if you have a map that you can point to]
Olmay-ehyo How much? (or you can gesture this)
Tip for Navigating Language Barriers
This is a hit or miss technique but Korean language uses some English words (aka Konglish). Thus, you can attempt English. In many cases, the word is spoken almost similarly to how you might speak it, but with a Korean accent.
Use a “Korean” accent
The Korean language does not have hard sounding consonants. Instead, certain hard sounding consonants will be merged together to make the same alphabet. Thus, you’ll often see Koreans spell the same word differently. For example :
“d” and “t”s are the practically considered the same alphabet in Hangul (the Korean alphabet). However, they’re not pronounced like how you’d hear them in the U.S. In Korea, it’s pronounced a bit like a nasal “d” or “t”… a soft tongue tap, rather than a clenched teeth type of strike. Similar with “b” and “p”s or “g” and “k”s.
Also, there are no “f”s in the Korean pronunciation, so any “f” is pronounced more like a “p”. (i.e. “coffee”= “Kopi”)
4. Making offerings with both hands
In Korea, little forms of etiquette are important. In some countries, passing things with your left hand is a No-no. Not Korea. When offering or accepting anything– money, gifts or food — use both hands. For example, if you’re paying or receiving change from the cashier at a convenience store, do so with both hands. There are variations to this, so please watch the above video for examples. Needless to say, whenever you’re doing something which requires both hands, you’ll want to make sure they’re both available and not holding things.
5. Where to Go Potty?
Public restrooms are easier to find and more omnipresent than trash cans (that’s no joke). You’ll find them in subways, train stations, shopping malls, parks, coffee houses, a lot of places. However, always take your tissues with you, as they might not have toilet paper. Another thing is you’ll notice if they don’t have a soap dispenser, they do this funky thing by putting a bar of soap on a metal holder extending over the faucet. You wet your hands and rub them over the bar. Westerners find the notion of a shared bar of soap a little icky, but hey, at least its soap!