studying yoga in india

Some yoga enthusiasts think of yoga as a bunch of OM’s, a quick meditation and feeling the burn as they stretch. But studying yoga in India is different from the West. Hoo boy is it different.

I wrote about practicing yoga at a Indian ashram  and about my experience of taking a 200 hour yoga teacher training certification in India . Culturally and environmentally,  yoga training in India opened an entirely new way of seeing, understanding and practicing yoga!

Why study yoga in India?

On the top of every bucket list of many yoga enthusiasts, there is one pilgrimage dream: studying yoga in India.

India is the birthplace of yoga, the source of OM, a word of powerful vibration and all-encompassing meaning. Many of us see India as a cradle nation, birthing guru upon guru, who in turn, spreads seeds of spiritual knowledge. Practicing yoga in India, is more than just studying yoga from an Indian guru, burning incense and chanting Sanskrit mantras, while leading you through down-dogs and sun salutations.

17 Things you Must Know about Studying Yoga in India

Yoga in India is vastly different from yoga in the West.  Western culture puts a commercial spin on things, building yoga up into a 1 1/2 hour gym membership workout, where we can practice our flexibility, torch our calories and get your OM on so we can think we’ve become a deeply enlightened being in one syllable.

Here’s things you must know about yoga in India…

1.  What is yoga in India? (It’s not what you think!)

Looking at Wikipedia’s definition of What is Yoga? ,you’ll wonder why you don’t see asanas in each paragraph. Instead, you see words like : Sanskrit, Hindu philosophy, Bhagvad Gita, Patanjali Yoga Sutras…   Where is the “yoga” that you’ve learned in your yoga studio back home?

Going through my yoga teacher training in Dharamsala, my teacher Lalit, told us the real practice of yoga is not about twisting the body into a pretzel, the asana (aka postures) or stretching.   For rishis and yogis in India, the focus of yoga is spiritual attainment and not physical performance. The goal of yoga is to transcend the body through practicing meditation, studying spiritual texts, chanting kirtan and satsang, etc..  Asana practice is one of the limbs of yoga, but not the entire tree!

 In a way, the real body of yoga works occurs from the neck up…  following a spiritual path.  Thus, asana practice is used not to discipline the body, but tame the mind. The physical sport that many of us believe is yoga asana, is considered as a kind of “stretching” to yogis. Asanas originally evolved as a form of exercise for yogis so that the body wouldn’t go limp or the muscles atrophy from all the sitting they do. Asana is used not to discipline the body, but to tame the mind.  

Did I just kill the yoga Santa Claus for  you?

2.  What is the difference between Yoga in the East vs West?

What? You disagree with what your guru’s said? Well, if you have all or any of the answers, then why do you need a teacher?

That is my yoga guru’s response to a fellow student who challenged my guru’s belief. In India, when it comes to the teacher-student roles, your teacher instructs and you ‘do’ without question.  Being a student in India is not like the west. In western studies, students are allowed and encouraged to question and … challenge ideas, but this is offensive to teachers in India. Indian gurus get irate with this. A guru’s knowledge comes from traditions and their answers come from practice. If you are a student, your mind must surrender to your guru.

3. Yoga is spiritual and religious

Another difference between yoga in the East vs West is that yoga is the practice of spirituality. In the west, yoga teachers take great care to avoid the religion of yoga. OM-ing or chanting is kept light and cosmetic (if at all) and some teachers avoid talk about chakras, opting to speak only of the physical benefits with the idea of keeping it watery and amenable to all.

In India, Yoga is based out of Hindu philosophy and many practices are devotional prayers. If you are not religious or if this challenges your personal religious beliefs, then studying yoga in India may not be for you.  Statues of Hindu deities may surround you and you’ll be chanting to them, burning incense and paying respect to them in unison. When you chant the Hare Krishna song… there are times you may even feel you’ve just joined the Hare Krishnas!

Tip: Adopt an open mind and do as the Indians do when folding hands in Namaste– honor and respect the God in everyone.

yoga in India, yoga schools in india, studying yoga in india

What is yoga

Shiva Statue  Photo: Wikimedia Creative Commons

Lord Ganesha at Ganesha Chaturthi Photo by Vijay Bandari of Wikimedia Creative Commons.

4. You will learn yoga through your environment …and its challenges.

Yoga is not about experiencing ‘juicy’ asanas. You will learn yoga the moment you land in India.  From the environment, daily lifestyle of Indians, traditions in puja rituals and chanting, to the food and eating with your hands… your learning of yoga will be ingested by your surroundings and everything you come into contact with. Everything informs your awakening to what yoga really is.

Temples, statues of gods, devotional music streaming from temples at dawn,  incense smudging over the scent of urine,  the country is steeped in daily devotion to its deities. Watching Hindu worshippers praying on the riverbanks of Varanasi’s Ganges at sunrise, you’ll understand the premise of a Sun Salutation.

Accidentally drink bad water and catch a bout of Delhi Belly? You’ll be experiencing yoga through the physical roadblocks of your body.  Everything in India enriches your learning and the education you’ll get from India is invaluable.

Read: Tips on Indian Etiquette


5. Following a Yoga Ashram Schedule is Required

Whomever you choose as your teacher or guru, know that your practice is compulsory despite your beliefs. You cannot opt out of event practices simply because it goes against your western/religious beliefs or because you don’t feel like it. I mean, you can if you’re sick or rude foreigner, but generally everything about yoga is to practice respect, dutiful compassion, discipline. 

Read my experience of staying at an indian ashram

6.  Meditation is Required

You will meditate and chant… a lot. I’m not kidding! It feels like over half your practice.

If you’ve never practiced either of things for long stretches, then you may get tired of a daily practice of it. But mastery comes with discipline and time. Although I had a regular meditation practice for years, I was horrible at meditating in the wee mornings of 6AM …and for anything longer than 20 minutes. 

Be prepared to sit for long periods in meditation practice anywhere from 30 minutes to an hour. Your legs may occasionally go into spasms or cramping.   Using a cushion helps, because your butt muscles will begin to hurt, from the sitting.

Meditation hall at Sivananda

7.  Yogic Chanting

There were times I both, loved and hated chanting. At Sivananda, chanting sessions were anywhere from 1-2 hours daily. Generally, there is a book for beginners or you’ll learn by jumping in and listening to the words practitioners sing. The leader or a musician will play a harmonium and the chants and hymnals are often Sanskrit words , which you will learn the meaning. The types of chanting are:


Kirtan is a call and response type of chanting. While playing an instrument like a harmonium, the guru will chant one line and you will chant the response with the group.

Sanskrit mantras

Usually you’re given a book of sankrit mantras to sing. 


Satsang is chanting in the group. Often these can be lovely hymnals where you’re chanting to a Hindu deity is to become One with it. It’s a devotional prayer and you’re invoking and inviting that deity to aid your practice, focus and discipline.  Some words (like OM, So-ham, etc.. ) have tonal/vibrational powers, which help activate your chakra energies. If you pay attention, youcan feel it

The main hall in Sivananda. During Satsang, giant Shiva/Nataraj statue on stage, walls are dressed with mural portraits of well-known Hindu gods.


8. Yoga in India teaches Ayurvedic Principles

Ayurveda is often seen as an alternative medicine but it’s been practiced in India for over 5,000 years and is considered the Mother of all Healing. Your school or shala is likely to employ an Ayurvedic doctor or practitioner/teacher so you can experience Ayurvedic healing through massage, diet, learning, etc… It is an interesting science of balancing five elements into three basic types of energy and principles (Vatta, Kappa, Pitta)  that are in everything.

9. The yoga diet is vegetarian

Yogic diets are often vegetarian and the meals are delicious. The food is light, and prepared with Ayurvedic principles to balance the energies in your body to help yogis with their daily rituals of meditation, studies, asanas, so they can reach the enlightenment they strive for. Being Ayurvedic, the food is not spicy so to balance all elements of the body without creating imbalance (i.e. spice has a fiery attribute that is not good for meditation and keeping calm, too much air can lead to too much gas, too much earth can keep one slow and sluggish, etc…).

Read How to Understand Indian Food

sivananda ashram campus, ashrams in india

EAting with hands in the dining hall

10. Studying Scriptures

Foreigners may not experience this side of yoga unless they are enrolled in a yoga teacher training program, but yogis study scriptures like Patanjali Sutras and the Bhagavad Gita  which are a bit like a Bible. These are to help  prepare and cleanse the mind as well as offer spiritual guidance as to how to live.

11. Practicing Yogic Breath

Breathing or more specifically, pranayama (aka yogic breathing) is a deep relaxing breath which opens the channels of your body for healthy flow and meditation.

12. Learn How to Use a Neti Pot

Thus, the science of using a neti pot to clear nasal passages to aid pranayama breathing is an age old yoga tradition in India. Neti pots are for nasal irrigation or clearing the mucus from the nose. Saline water from the pot is poured through one nostril and comes out of the other. If you do it correctly, it will pass through easily.  If you do it wrong, it will be a little uncomfortable-  like inhaling a tiny bit of water and getting a brain freeze.  More advanced training might show you how to use a string (aka sutra neti), which was originally used.  The benefits are that you’re able to breathe better, have an improved sense of smell and food tastes better (so they say).

13. Which yoga is popular in India?

Bikram, Hatha, Ashtanga, Kundalini… the founding yoga styles exist in India. But yoga philosophies can different according to a guru’s lineage. Boutique and fusion yoga you find in western gyms and studios do not exist and if they do, they are made primarily for westerners.

13. How to Find Yoga Ashrams in India?

There are a lot of spiritual gurus in India, just as there are different forms of yoga. An ashram experience requires you adopt their ashram daily schedule of meditational practice, kirtan (devotional music), karma yoga (devotional duty) and more. It is a regimented schedule. See my article on things to know about yoga ashrams in India.

I belonged toBrahma Kummariss World Organization (Mount Abu) for years, to learn and practice raja yoga, a kind of daily yoga yoking both, thoughts and actions to live more consciously and awakened.  Other reputable but popular ashrams in India are Ammaritapuri ashram (home of Amma, “the hugging saint”) in Kerala, Osho ashram in Pune, Sathya Sai Baba ashram in Bangalore.

For those looking for a more physical yoga, you can find many yoga ashrams in Rishikesh or follow your favorite influence: Sivananda (there are many locations),  Ashtanga Institute, BKS Iyengar.

yoga teacher certification

14. How to apply for an Indian Visa so you can study yoga in an India ashram or teacher training?

Read my article on Applying for an Indian Visa(for U.S. Citizens)

15. How to Pack for your Trip to India

India can be a  challenging and complex country but also very rewarding once you feel like you’ve prepared for it.

Here is my Essential packing list for India.

16. Best Travel Insurance for Yoga in India

My yoga school made travel insurance compulsory. For good reason. Yoga enthusiasts get hurt and the training program is like training for a mini yoga olympics. The worst case in our program was that one of the students broke her toe and had to go to the hospital. But several others were getting anything from pulled muscles, back spasms, … I got sick, we were all dropping like flies.

Although there are good doctors and hospitals in the big cities, you might not always have access to them. Also, traveling in India has its obvious risks–  standards and regulations are different from the U.S., so safety precautions and measures aren’t always perfect. I went with World Nomads to cover my entire trip and it was the cheapest I found.

17. Are there Best Yoga Teacher Training Schools in India?

There is no such thing as the best yoga teacher training school in India, as yoga styles are specific and change with the individual. There is only, what is the best yoga school for you based on your beliefs, style and preference. Read my  post on Tips for Finding the Right Yoga Teacher Training School in India.  Here’s a few good choices based on positive online reviews:

Rishikesh Yoga Teacher Training, Rishikesh 

29 Days and a 200-Hour Fusion Yoga Teacher Training in Rishikesh. You’ll practice an integrated style of Ashtanga, Vinyasa, Power, Ayurveda, Hatha. You receive a welcome yoga kit  which includes ” yoga mat, books for study, school shirt, water bottle, neti-pot, rudraksha mala”. Click here to read reviews & check availability

*Students who complete trainings are eligible to register with Yoga Alliance as Registered Yoga Teachers (RYT®).

Yoga Vidya Mandiram School, Rishikesh 

Located in Rishikesh this Hatha/Ashtanga Vinyasa school has a lot of good reviews and is a popular choice in Rishikesh, with 22 days and a 200-hour program which prepares you for the 300 hour level and goes up to the 500 hour level. It promises a “training you are eligible to register with Yoga Alliance as Registered Yoga Teachers (RYT®).” Ayurvedic doctor on hand.  Click here to read reviews & check availability

Alakh Yoga, Rishikesh 

Alakh Yoga in Rishikesh is a Hatha and Ashtanga based yoga teacher training with Naturopathy and Emotional Rebalancing. A 40 room campus building with Spa, rooftop and two indoor yoga studios. Their 26 Days, 200 hour training offers Yoga Alliance US and International approved 200 Hour Yoga Teacher Training Program with the aim of teaching ancient traditional yoga with detoxification techniques.  Click here to read reviews & check availability


Recommended Essentials for India


Autobiography of a yogi

Autobiography of a Yogi
(Required reading YTTC)


What would you add to this guide to studying Yoga in India?  Follow along for more India travel tips!





studying yoga in india

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